Welcome to a special A to Z Challenge edition of Sciency Words! Sciency Words is an ongoing series here on Planet Pailly about the definitions and etymologies of science or science-related terms. In today’s post, S is for:
In September of 1959, Italian physicist Giuseppi Cocconi and American physicist Philip Morrison published this paper, titled “Searching for Interstellar Communications.” That paper is essentially the founding document for SETI, the search for extraterrestrial intelligence, which is now considered a subfield of astrobiology.
The SETI Institute, on the other hand, was established in 1984 by Thomas Pierson and Jill Tarter. As stated in this report on the proper use of SETI nomenclature:
SETI should not be used as a shorthand for the SETI Institute, which is an independent entity and should be referred to by its full name to avoid confusion.
And let me tell you, this SETI vs. SETI Institute distinction… that really can cause a lot of confusion.
A few years back, I saw a report on the news. SETI (the Institute, I presumed) had picked up a signal form outer space, from a star located 94 light years away. According to the news lady on TV, a SETI spokesperson had this to say, and that to say, and some more stuff to say about this amazing discovery. “Oh cool,” I thought, and I quickly went to the SETI Institute’s webpage to learn more.
There was nothing—absolutely nothing—about it.
Another day or two went by, and then this article was posted on the SETI Institute’s website. Some Russian radio astronomers had picked up what they thought was a SETI signal (it eventually turned out to be a satellite). Somehow the media picked up on this story and ran with it, apparently without contacting the SETI Institute—or speaking with any actual SETI Institute spokesperson—to find out if any of this were true.
I should probably mention that in my day job, I work in the T.V. news business. This sort of sloppy journalism infuriates me, but I’ve found that it’s quite typical of how the popular press handles science news.
However, to be fair, prior to that misleading news report, I didn’t know to make a clear distinction between SETI and the SETI Institute myself. But I’ve tried to be more careful about this ever since. Language can be a messy way to communicate, so it’s important to try to be clear about what we mean. Otherwise, someone (perhaps even someone from the media) will get the wrong idea and run with it.
Next time on Sciency Words A to Z, the first astronauts on Titan may find themselves in a very sticky situation.